Franchising is being for yourself but not by yourself..

What is Franchising?

Franchising (from the French for free) is a method of doing business wherein a franchisor licenses trademarks and tried and proven methods of doing business to a franchisee in exchange for a recurring payment, and usually a percentage piece of gross sales or gross profits as well as the annual fees. Various tangibles and intangibles such as national or international advertising, training, and other support services are commonly made available by the entity licensing the ‘chain store’ or franchise outlet (commonly shortened to the one word: franchise), and may indeed be required by the franchisor, which generally requires audited books, and may subject the franchisee or the outlet to periodic and surprise spot checks. Failure of such tests typically involve non-renewal or cancellation of franchise rights.

A continuing relationship in which the franchisor provides a licensed privilege to the franchisee to do business and offers assistance in organizing, training, merchandising, marketing, and managing in return for a consideration. Franchising is a form of business by which the owner (franchisor) of a product, service, or method obtains distribution through affiliated dealers (franchisees). The product, method, or service being marketed is usually identified by the franchisor’s brand name, and the holder of the privilege (franchisee) is often given exclusive access to a defined geographical area. 


Advantage and Disadvantage of Franchising

The term “franchising” is used to describe a wide variety of business systems which may or may not fall into the legal definition provided above. For example, a vending machine operator may receive a franchise for a particular kind of vending machine, including a trademark and a royalty, but no method of doing business.

The parties involved typically enter a franchise agreement, which binds the parties together through contractual provisions. This is an arrangement whereby someone with an idea for a business (the franchisor), sells to another person (the franchisee) the rights to use the business’s name, sell a product, or provide a service to someone else . A franchise agreement will usually specify the given territory the franchisee retains exclusive control over (the area protection), as well as the extent to which the franchisee will be supported by the franchisor (e.g. training and marketing campaigns). Most franchisee agreements, however, do not rovide the franchisee with area protection because of the disparity in bargaining power between franchisors and franchisees


As practiced in retailing, by using the business network concept, franchising offers franchisees the advantage of starting up a new business quickly based on a proven trademark and formula of doing business, as opposed to having to build a new business and brand from scratch (often in the face of aggressive competition from franchise operators).

As long as their brand and formula are carefully designed and properly executed, franchisors are able to expand their brand very rapidly across countries and continents, and can reap enormous profits in the process, while the franchisees do all the hard work of dealing with customers face-to-face. See customer service. Additionally, the franchisor is able to build a captive distribution network, with no or very little financial commitment.

For some consumers, having franchises offer a consistent product or service makes life easier. They know what to expect when entering a franchised establishment. See franchise validation.


For franchisees, the main disadvantage of franchising is a loss of control. While they gain the use of a system, trademarks, assistance, training, and marketing, the franchisee is required to follow the system and get approval of changes with the franchisor.

In response to the soaring popularity of franchising, an increasing number of communities are taking steps to limit these chain businesses and reduce displacement of independent businesses through limits on “formula businesses.”

Another problem is that the franchisor/franchisee relationship can easily give rise to litigation if either side is incompetent (or just not acting in good faith). For example, an incompetent franchisee can easily damage the public’s goodwill towards the franchisor’s brand by providing inferior goods and services, and an incompetent franchisor can destroy its franchisees by failing to promote the brand properly or by squeezing them too aggressively for profits.


Mutual Benefits of Franchisor and Franchisee

Franchising is the most dynamic method of business expansion ever devised. By franchising, many businesses have grown from a handful of units (or even just one unit) to hundreds or sometimes thousands of units within a few years. No other approach even comes close to the market scope and growth rate offered by franchising.The franchise method of expansion is rich with potential for both the franchisor and the franchisee.

Advantages to the franchisee

The franchisee buys into an already proven business concept – he does not have to “einvent the wheel”.Through training and manuals, he has a well-defined track upon which to launch and operate his business.As issues arise, he can turn to the franchisor for advice and expertise.As the franchise network expands, he receives the benefits of enhanced brand recognition.As the franchisees as a group gain experience, they can provide ideas and answers to each. other’s questions.In short, the franchisee is in business for himself, but not by himself. Despite these powerful advantages, franchising, like any other business activity, does carry risks and requires significant effort. It is not without its challenges and headaches.

Advantages to Your Business for Franchising

Some of the advantages to franchising include:

Your brand name becomes widely known through franchising.Strong possibility for rapid growth with minimum capital expenditures.Your share of the franchising program becomes a valuable, marketable asset.You receive an ongoing share of revenues of the program.As the number of franchisees grows and they learn the business, they will provide new ideas that can be used in your own business as well as in the franchise network.With increased volume comes increased buying power for the entire franchise network and your business. This should result in the potential to lower your overall cost of sale, and therefore increase profits.

As you develop new products and services, you benefit not only by marketing them in your original business, but also from having them sold throughout the network.This business expansion is accomplished while you maintain and run your original business.Franchisees will have invested quite a bit of money to get into the business, have a pride of ownership and self-motivation that enables them to showcase your original concept and business in the best possible light.

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" I got my return of investment just for five months, its an overwhelming success!" -Franchisee Hong Kong Style Noodles & Dimsum…

San Pedro Laguna